Weeds are a natural predator in destroying your once healthy lawn. Trying to control weeds can be a maddening ordeal. Weed control comes under the category of pest control and is related to the botanical aspect of the process. To implement the weed controlling activity there are several physical activities and also chemical processes that need to be implemented. These processes help to stun the growth of any weeds in the lawn or garden. The most common process for removing weeds is ploughing and is also considered safe since it does not involve any chemicals. As ploughing helps cut the roots of the weeds it is considered more efficient. However, due to time constraints many tend to use chemicals for weed control as it takes less time and manual effort.
Methods of Weed Control
Methods of weed control will be discussed in the below paragraphs. Mechanical methods of weed control are: hoeing, pulling, burning, and digging weeds. Tilling is another method of controlling weeds. Mechanical methods are efficient in small areas, however, larger areas these methods may not be practicable due to the time and effort. Pre-emergent and Emergent chemicals are a much easier way to control weeds. They can be selective (controls a particular pest without harming related organisms) or nonselective (control nearly all related organisms).
Prevention is better than cure and it stands true in weed management as well. Once weed infestation has taken hold, the process of weed management also increases which also increases the cost of trying to control the crisis. To gain control of the weed infestation contact us at the above listed phone numbers. We will provide you with the most cost effective approach. We will first find out the cause of the weed growth which could be one of the following:
- The seed of the weed plant could have come from the neighbor’s plot or the roads or even the rail tracks.
- The weed seeds spread directly from hay, livestock, manure, vehicles and equipment.
- Soil may be conducive for weeds which increases the chances of weed infestation. If restoration process is not being implemented then weeds will spread.
Vegetable crops which grow quickly such as Squash, Beans, Pumpkins, Cucumbers,Melons and tomatoes can effectively prevent weeds by shading. The above select crops can shade the weeds which will help control the weeds. Under the cultural control method, the growth of the weeds are stunned by growing necessary vegetation. This method prevents the growth of any weeds in the area. Quick growing ‘smother’ crops can be used to reduce weeds from spreading. Smother crops are usually planted in the fall and removed by tillage the following spring prior to planting vegetables. Smother crops (i.e. rye, ryegrass, etc.) can inhibit early season germination of weeds such as common lambsquarters, common purslane and redroot pigweed by 75% or more.
Chemical control is an easy way of implementing weed control management processes. It takes less amount of time and the impact is also long lasting. There are a variety of chemicals available in the market but at Kawasaki Lawn Care we use only best and safest for your lawns and gardens. Chemicals that control weeds are divided into two groups, Emergent and Pre-Emergent chemicals. Emergent chemicals are applied after the weed has taken hold and is now spreading throughout the lawn. Pre-emergent chemicals are applied before weeds have germinated preventing future weeds from overtaking the lawn.
Biological control involves insects that can stop the weeds from spreading. Some characteristics for weed control required by the insect are they are specific to one plant species, have a negative impact on the target weed, are prolific, thrive and become widespread in all habitats and climates that the pest weed occupies and are good colonizers. Animals such as goats and sheep are also used to control weeds as the animals will graze to the root of the weed. The grazing effect has a similar effect to mowing.
Once weeds have rooted they are capable of spreading rapidly. It is imperative to destroy all weeds prior to planting. Once weeds grow to approximately 4 inches they should be removed. Removal by hand or cultivation can be used to manually rid the garden of weeds. Tools such as the Springtooth and Trowel can be used as the person de-weeding does not have to solely work on their knees. Other tools such as the Scuffle Hoe and Warren Hoe allow the person to stand while removing weeds. Most scuffle hoes are lightweight and are effective on small weeds. A garden tiller or small tractor is also very effective. Weedeaters fitted with plastic string can also be used to cut weeds near the soil surface.